2001 Tour de France
|Route of the 2001 Tour de France|
|Stages||20 + Prologue|
|Distance||3,458 km (2,149 mi)|
|Winning time||86h 17' 28"|
|Second||Jan Ullrich (GER)||(Team Telekom)|
|Third||Joseba Beloki (ESP)||(ONCE–Eroski)|
|Points||Erik Zabel (GER)||(Team Telekom)|
|Mountains||Laurent Jalabert (FRA)||(CSC–Tiscali)|
|Youth||Óscar Sevilla (ESP)||(Kelme–Costa Blanca)|
The 2001 Tour de France was a multiple-stage bicycle race held from 7 to 29 July, and the 88th edition of the Tour de France. It has no overall winner—although American cyclist Lance Armstrong originally won the event, the United States Anti-Doping Agency announced in August 2012 that they had disqualified Armstrong from all his results since 1998, including his seven Tour de France wins from 1999 to 2005. The verdict was subsequently confirmed by the Union Cycliste Internationale.
The race included a 67-kilometre-long (42 mi) team time trial, two individual time trials and five consecutive mountain-top finishing stages, the second of which was the Chamrousse special-category climb time trial. Thus, all the high-mountain stages were grouped consecutively, following the climbing time trial, with one rest day in between. France was ridden 'clockwise', so the Alps were visited before the Pyrenees. The Tour started in France but also visited Belgium in its first week. The ceremonial final stage finished at the Champs-Élysées in Paris, as is tradition. Erik Zabel won his record sixth consecutive points classification victory.
The organisers felt that the 2000 Tour de France did not include not enough French teams and consequently changed the selection procedure. U.S. Postal Service was selected because it included the winner of the previous edition, Lance Armstrong. Team Telekom was selected because it included the winner of the 2000 UCI Road World Cup, Erik Zabel). Mapei–Quick-Step was selected because it won the team classifications in the 2000 Giro d'Italia. Kelme–Costa Blanca was selected because it won the team classifications in both the 2000 Tour de France and 2000 Vuelta a España. A further twelve teams qualified based on the UCI ranking in the highest UCI division at the end of 2001, after compensating for transfers. Although initially it was announced that four wildcards would be given, the tour organisation decided to add five teams: In total, 21 teams participated, each with 9 cyclists, giving a total of 189 cyclists.
Route and stages
|P||7 July||Dunkirk||8.2 km (5.1 mi)||Individual time trial||Christophe Moreau (FRA)|
|1||8 July||Saint-Omer to Boulogne-sur-Mer||194.5 km (120.9 mi)||Plain stage||Erik Zabel (GER)|
|2||9 July||Calais to Antwerp (Belgium)||220.5 km (137.0 mi)||Plain stage||Marc Wauters (BEL)|
|3||10 July||Antwerp (Belgium) to Seraing (Belgium)||198.5 km (123.3 mi)||Plain stage||Erik Zabel (GER)|
|4||11 July||Huy (Belgium) to Verdun||215.0 km (133.6 mi)||Plain stage||Laurent Jalabert (FRA)|
|5||12 July||Verdun to Bar-le-Duc||67.0 km (41.6 mi)||Team time trial||Crédit Agricole|
|6||13 July||Commercy to Strasbourg||211.5 km (131.4 mi)||Plain stage||Jaan Kirsipuu (EST)|
|7||14 July||Strasbourg to Colmar||162.5 km (101.0 mi)||Hilly stage||Laurent Jalabert (FRA)|
|8||15 July||Colmar to Pontarlier||222.5 km (138.3 mi)||Plain stage||Erik Dekker (NED)|
|9||16 July||Pontarlier to Aix-les-Bains||185.0 km (115.0 mi)||Plain stage||Serguei Ivanov (RUS)|
|10||17 July||Aix-les-Bains to Alpe d'Huez||209.0 km (129.9 mi)||Stage with mountain(s)|| |
|11||18 July||Grenoble to Chamrousse||32.0 km (19.9 mi)||Individual time trial|| |
|19 July||Perpignan||Rest day|
|12||20 July||Perpignan to Plateau de Bonascre||166.5 km (103.5 mi)||Stage with mountain(s)||Félix Cárdenas (COL)|
|13||21 July||Foix to Saint-Lary-Soulan Pla d'Adet||194.0 km (120.5 mi)||Stage with mountain(s)|| |
|14||22 July||Tarbes to Luz Ardiden||141.5 km (87.9 mi)||Stage with mountain(s)||Roberto Laiseka (ESP)|
|23 July||Pau||Rest day|
|15||24 July||Pau to Lavaur||232.5 km (144.5 mi)||Plain stage||Rik Verbrugghe (BEL)|
|16||25 July||Castelsarrasin to Sarran||229.5 km (142.6 mi)||Plain stage||Jens Voigt (GER)|
|17||26 July||Brive-la-Gaillarde to Montluçon||194.0 km (120.5 mi)||Plain stage||Serge Baguet (BEL)|
|18||27 July||Montluçon to Saint-Amand-Montrond||61.0 km (37.9 mi)||Individual time trial|| |
|19||28 July||Orléans to Évry||149.5 km (92.9 mi)||Plain stage||Erik Zabel (GER)|
|20||29 July||Corbeil-Essonnes to Paris (Champs-Élysées)||160.5 km (99.7 mi)||Plain stage||Ján Svorada (CZE)|
|Total||3,458 km (2,149 mi)|
Subsequent to Armstrong's statement to withdraw his fight against United States Anti-Doping Agency's (USADA) charges, on 24 August 2012, the USADA said it would ban Armstrong for life and stripped him of his record seven Tour de France titles. Later that day it was confirmed in a USADA statement that Armstrong was banned for life and would be disqualified from any and all competitive results obtained on and subsequent to 1 August 1998, including forfeiture of any medals, titles, winnings, finishes, points and prizes. On 22 October 2012, the Union Cycliste Internationale endorsed the USADA sanctions, and decided not to award victories to any other rider or upgrade other placings in any of the affected events.
There were several classifications in the 2001 Tour de France. The most important was the general classification, calculated by adding each cyclist's finishing times in each stage. The cyclist with the least accumulated time was the race leader, identified by the yellow jersey; the winner of this classification is considered the winner of the Tour.
Additionally, there was a points classification, which awarded a green jersey. In this classification, cyclists got points for finishing among the best in a stage finish, or in intermediate sprints. The cyclist with the most points lead the classification and was identified with a green jersey.
There was also a mountains classification. The organisation had categorized some climbs as either hors catégorie, first, second, third, or fourth-category; points for this classification were won by the first cyclists to reach the top of these climbs, with more points available for the higher-categorized climbs. The cyclist with the most points lead the classification and was identified with a polkadot jersey.
The fourth individual classification was the young rider classification, which was marked by the white jersey. This was decided in the same way as the general classification, but only riders under 26 years of age were eligible.
For the team classification, the times of the best three cyclists per team on each stage were added; the leading team was the team with the lowest total time.
For the combativity award classification, a jury gave points after each stage to the cyclists they considered most combative. The cyclist with the most votes in all stages lead the classification.
|Denotes the leader of the points classification||Denotes the leader of the mountains classification|
|Denotes the leader of the young rider classification||Denotes the winner of the super-combativity award|
|DSQ|| || || |
|2||Jan Ullrich (GER)||Team Telekom||+ 6' 44"|
|3||Joseba Beloki (ESP)||ONCE–Eroski||+ 9' 05"|
|4||Andrei Kivilev (KAZ)||Cofidis||+ 9' 53"|
|5||Igor González (ESP)||ONCE–Eroski||+ 13' 28"|
|6||François Simon (FRA)||Bonjour||+ 17' 22"|
|7||Óscar Sevilla (ESP)||Kelme–Costa Blanca||+ 18' 30"|
|8||Santiago Botero (COL)||Kelme–Costa Blanca||+ 20' 55"|
|9||Marcos Antonio Serrano (ESP)||ONCE–Eroski||+ 21' 45"|
|10||Michael Boogerd (NED)||Rabobank||+ 22' 38"|
|1||Erik Zabel (GER)||Team Telekom||252|
|2||Stuart O'Grady (AUS)||Crédit Agricole||244|
|3||Damien Nazon (FRA)||Bonjour||169|
|4||Alessandro Petacchi (ITA)||Fassa Bortolo||148|
|5||Sven Teutenberg (GER)||Festina||141|
|DSQ|| || |
|7||Jan Ullrich (GER)||Team Telekom||127|
|8||Ján Svorada (CZE)||Lampre–Daikin||124|
|9||Christophe Capelle (FRA)||BigMat–Auber 93||114|
|10||François Simon (FRA)||Bonjour||108|
|1||Laurent Jalabert (FRA)||CSC–Tiscali||258|
|2||Jan Ullrich (GER)||Team Telekom||211|
|3||Laurent Roux (FRA)||Jean Delatour||200|
|DSQ|| || |
|5||Stefano Garzelli (ITA)||Mapei–Quick-Step||164|
|6||Roberto Laiseka (ESP)||Euskaltel–Euskadi||147|
|7||Joseba Beloki (ESP)||ONCE–Eroski||145|
|8||Alexander Vinokourov (KAZ)||Team Telekom||134|
|9||Patrice Halgand (FRA)||Jean Delatour||123|
|10||Óscar Sevilla (ESP)||Kelme–Costa Blanca||120|
Young rider classification
|1||Óscar Sevilla (ESP)||Kelme–Costa Blanca||86h 35' 58|
|2||Francisco Mancebo (ESP)||iBanesto.com||+ 10' 03"|
|3||Jörg Jaksche (DEU)||ONCE–Eroski||+ 47' 32"|
|4||Denis Menchov (RUS)||iBanesto.com||+ 1h 13' 20"|
|5||Marco Pinotti (ITA)||Lampre–Daikin||+ 1h 15' 59"|
|6||Iván Gutiérrez (ESP)||ONCE–Eroski||+ 1h 40' 42"|
|7||Sylvain Chavanel (FRA)||Bonjour||+ 1h 41' 10"|
|8||Haimar Zubeldia (ESP)||Euskaltel–Euskadi||+ 1h 47' 47"|
|9||Bradley McGee (AUS)||Française des Jeux||+ 1h 59' 24"|
|10||Nicolas Vogondy (FRA)||Française des Jeux||+ 2h 09' 07"|
|1||Kelme–Costa Blanca||259h 14' 44"|
|2||ONCE–Eroski||+ 4' 59"|
|3||Team Telekom||+ 41' 06"|
|4||Bonjour||+ 41' 49"|
|5||Rabobank||+ 51' 53"|
|6||U.S. Postal Service||+ 54' 51"|
|7||Cofidis||+ 1h 20' 41"|
|8||iBanesto.com||+ 1h 22' 24"|
|9||Festina||+ 1h 45' 33"|
|10||Jean Delatour||+ 1h 49' 18"|
|1||Laurent Jalabert (FRA)||CSC–Tiscali||94|
|2||Laurent Roux (FRA)||Jean Delatour||55|
|3||Jens Voigt (GER)||Crédit Agricole||45|
|4||Rik Verbrugghe (BEL)||Lotto–Adecco||44|
|5||Paolo Bettini (ITA)||Mapei–Quick-Step||36|
|6||Jacky Durand (FRA)||Française des Jeux||36|
|7||Bradley McGee (AUS)||Française des Jeux||32|
|8||David Etxebarria (ESP)||Euskaltel–Euskadi||30|
|9||Laurent Brochard (FRA)||Jean Delatour||28|
|10||Nicolas Jalabert (FRA)||CSC–Tiscali||23|
Notes and references
- On 24 August 2012, the United States Anti-Doping Agency announced that they had disqualified Armstrong from all his results since 1998, including his victory in the 2001 Tour de France. The Union Cycliste Internationale, responsible for the international cycling, confirmed this verdict on 22 October 2012.
- "Lance Armstrong Receives Lifetime Ban And Disqualification Of Competitive Results For Doping Violations Stemming From His Involvement In The United States Postal Service Pro-Cycling Team Doping Conspiracy". United States Anti-Doping Agency. 24 August 2012. Retrieved 17 October 2016.
- "Lance Armstrong stripped of all seven Tour de France wins by UCI". BBC News. BBC. 22 October 2012. Retrieved 17 October 2016.
- Knapp, Gerard (2 May 2001). "The final selection - 21 teams for-le-Tour". Cyclingnews. Future Publishing Limited. Archived from the original on 23 July 2011. Retrieved 21 August 2011.
- "88ème Tour de France 2001" (in French). Mémoire du cyclisme. Archived from the original on 13 August 2012. Retrieved 26 September 2016.
- Historical guide 2016, p. 92.
- Zwegers, Arian. "Tour de France GC Top Ten". CVCC. Archived from the original on 10 June 2009. Retrieved 15 August 2011.
- Historical guide 2016, p. 110.
- "Lance Armstrong will be banned from cycling by USADA after saying he won't fight doping charges". The Washington Post. 24 August 2012. Retrieved 24 August 2012.
- "USADA to ban Armstrong for life, strip Tour titles". CBS News. Retrieved 24 August 2012.
- Christian, Sarah (2 July 2009). "Tour de France demystified - Evaluating success". RoadCycling.co.nz Ltd. Retrieved 30 April 2012.
- Chauner, David; Halstead, Michael (1990). The Tour de France Complete Book of Cycling. Villard. ISBN 0679729364. Retrieved 30 April 2012.
- Jones, Jeff (2001). "Stage 20 - July 29: Corbeil Essones - Paris (Champs Elysées), 160.5 km: Zabel bags the green in exciting finale, Armstrong wins his third successive TdF". Cyclingnews. Future Publishing Limited. Retrieved 30 April 2012.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to 2001 Tour de France.|
- Official website at the Wayback Machine (archived 1 August 2001)
- 2001 Tour de France at Cyclingnews.com